Month: November 2007

Vocalic “L”

By Pam Marshalla

Q: I have a fourth grade student who has trouble with the vowelized “L” sound. She can produce final “L” when paired with a high front vowel but not when paired with a low back vowel. Do you have any suggestions for helping her learn how to lower the back of her tongue in order to produce these sounds correctly? Your client can say /l/, but just does not know how to transition from every vowel position to the /l/…

Jaw Pain

By Pam Marshalla

Q: Do you have a resource for understanding pain in the jaw? I get severe headaches and facial pain from it. Team Approach: Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) pain can be a serious issue and needs to be evaluated by a team of professionals who know the TMJ. The team should include at least a physician, a dentist/orthodontist, and a professional who understands TMJ movement. Sometimes that third person is a physical or occupational therapist, a myofunctional therapist, or a speech-language pathologist….

Stimulation Techniques for /k/ and /g/

By Pam Marshalla

Q: Do you have any suggestions for how to elicit the /k/ and /g/? Pre-speech Vocalization Use the velar raspberry because it is the infant’s precursor to /k/ and /g/. If the child can make a velar raspberry, he is articulating in the back and only needs to refine the sound. Practice the raspberry long and short, loud and soft, big and tiny. Shape it into /k/ if the raspberry is voiceless. Shape it into /g/ if the raspberry is…