Tag: Lips

Teaching Lip Rounding

By Pam Marshalla

Q: My 19-month-old cannot produce O. She is smart and has no other speech or developmental problems, but it interferes with intelligibility. My guess is that your daughter will learn to round her lips within a few weeks or months all on her own without any help. She is only one year old and has lots of time to gain this simple skill. If you were to come to my office about this, and this was the only problem, I…

Introducing Frication

By Pam Marshalla

Q: My preschool client has no fricatives or affricates. Do you have advice for getting them started? The fricatives and affricates emerge out of the pre-speech raspberries. I would start there.  The raspberries are made both with and without voice and in many places of articulation–– bi-labial, lingua-labial, lingua-velar, and nasal snort. I have my clients makes them big and sloppy at first.  Then I teach them to make the soft and gentle. When I move on to the fricated…

Brief: Teaching a Spanish R

By Pam Marshalla

Q: Do you have any tips on how to help a student produce the Spanish R trill? Two methods I have used- Start with a lingua-labial raspberry and then have the client pull the tongue in. Say the word “butter” with a clear D– “Budder”.  Say it while making the tongue-tip linger on the palate longer. There also are YouTube videos about how to do this 🙂

Perpetual Lip Retraction / Smile

By Pam Marshalla

Q: My 6-year-old male client keeps his lips in a perpetual smile that is interfering with intelligibility when he speaks. He appears to have low muscle tone. He also has great difficulty producing multisyllabic words. I am wondering where to begin? Your client has lip retraction associated with mild dysarthria. How do I know he has dysarthria? Because he has speech distortion related to neuromuscular disturbance.  That is the very definition of dysarthria. I have written the following about lip…

“Marshalla Eye Dropper Technique” For Drooling Elimination

By Shanti McGinley

This opinion paper was originally posted as a downloadable PDF on my website’s resources page. I am slowly formatting the articles over there for posting to this blog. This post was authored in November, 2012. Download the original PDF here. *** “Marshalla Eye Dropper Technique” For Drooling Elimination November 2012, Pam Marshalla, MA, CCC-SLP Speech-Language Pathologist Application This simple process is to be done in conjunction with a good program to facilitate improved oral-motor and feeding skills. It can be…

“Gummy Smile”

By Shanti McGinley

Q: I have a new referral from a dentist for a client with a “gummy smile.” Haven’t seen him yet. What do you think this means? I would assume that the term “gummy smile” means that the upper lip is retracted and the upper gums are exposed.  Assuming that this is the case, the client needs to learn normal oral rest posture.  Normal oral rest consists of the lips resting gently together, the teeth resting a few millimeters apart, and…

Substituting Sf for S

By Shanti McGinley

Q: My client says Sf for initial S words, as in “Sfoap” for “soap.” One simply has to hold the lower lip down and out of the way while practicing the words.  This will prevent the lower lip from elevating to produce the F.  I probably would have the client use his own fingers to hold the lip down. I call a method like this an “inhibition” technique.  You are inhibiting an unwanted movement.  At the very least the child’s…

Assymetrical Lips Position on Sibilants

By Shanti McGinley

Q: My client has been in therapy for a long time for many error phonemes, and now we are working on the sibilants. He is doing them well now, but he tends to pull his right cheek to the side. It sounds correct but looks funny. Does the facial position matter if it sounds okay? If it sounds correct, I would not worry about that cheek pulling to the side until he is well on his way toward establishing the…

Prespeech and Cleft Palate

By Shanti McGinley

Q: I work with infants and often reference the developmental material you present in Apraxia Uncovered. I have a little fellow with an unrepaired cleft palate. He is doing all the skills prior to raspberries and none after. Should I stimulate the raspberries with him? Are raspberries possible with an unrepaired cleft? How much intraoral pressure is needed for them? I have not worked with babies like this, so I don’t really know the answer to any of your questions. I would…

Exposed Upper Teeth

By Shanti McGinley

Q: One of my high school students has a tense upper lip, which interferes with correct productions of P, B, and M, although she can produce labials in structured tasks.  She also chews with her mouth open and makes smacking sounds.  The resting position of her mouth often reveals her teeth, and her tense upper lip is noticeable. How can I improve her articulation as well as her looks and eating habits? Your client needs a program of orofacial myology…