Introducing Frication

By Pam Marshalla

fricationQ: My preschool client has no fricatives or affricates. Do you have advice for getting them started?

The fricatives and affricates emerge out of the pre-speech raspberries. I would start there.  The raspberries are made both with and without voice and in many places of articulation–– bi-labial, lingua-labial, lingua-velar, and nasal snort.

I have my clients makes them big and sloppy at first.  Then I teach them to make the soft and gentle.

When I move on to the fricated phonemes, I teach all of them at the same time so that the child gains the concept of frication (manner) first.  Once frication begins to emerge and a variety of them are emerging, then I teach the individual ones by place.

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